Disabling Windows Defender using the Registry Editor open the Windows Registry Editor and browse to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows Defender if you don't see the DisableAntiSpyware value on the right pane of the Registry Editor's window, right-click the Windows... name the. The first method I have for you is to turn off window defender means Disable Windows Defender Temporary using some simple steps: Step 1: In your Windows 10 Laptop or Desktop press Windows Button, Go to Windows Setting . Step 2: In the windows setting, Click on Update and security . Step 3: In. ... Switch Real-time protection to Off. Note that scheduled scans will continue to run. However, files that are.
If you wish to enable the Windows Defender, simply delete the newly created DWORD file from the registry file. 2. Disable Windows Defender From Local GroupPolicy. Well, you can only disable Windows defender from Local Group Policy if you are using Windows 10 Pro, Enterprise, or Education . You can turn the program's real-time protection off temporarily, but if it's off for a while Windows will turn it back on automatically. It is unclear why. In Windows 10, there is no option to completely turn off Windows Defender, defender control is a portable freeware to disable or enable Windows defender Read more... Direct Download . Dns jumper - 3.380.464; Defender Control - 1.156.285; Windows Update Blocker - 880.888; Firewall App Blocker - 552.005; Easy Context Menu - 432.039; Easy Service Optimizer - 341.132; Reduce Memory - 257.561; Edge. Open Windows Start menu. Type Windows Security. Press Enter on keyboard. Click on Virus & threat protection on the left action bar. Scroll to Virus & threat protection settings and click Manage settings. Click the toggle button under Real-time protection to turn off Windows Defender Antivirus temporarily. Click Yes to confirm the change, if.
. The first is the one that'll allow you to disable the Microsoft anti-virus tool. Click on it, and wait a few. Windows 10 allows you to disable Windows Defender in the Settings, but this is only temporarily effective; it will be automatically re-enabled eventually - the exact timing for this is random and unpredictable. This repository contains a disable .reg file which can be used to permanently disable Windows Defender
DisableAntiSpyware is intended to be used by OEMs and IT Pros to disable Microsoft Defender Antivirus and deploy another antivirus product during deployment. This is a legacy setting that is no longer necessary as Microsoft Defender antivirus automatically turns itself off when it detects another antivirus program Step 1: Press Win + R and Type gpedit.msc, then hit Enter or OK. Step 2: Click on Computer Configuration and Administrative Templates. Step 3: Click on Windows Components and double click Windows Defender Antivirus. Step 4: Double click Turn off Windows Defender Antivirus Disable Windows Defender in Windows 10 temporarily. In Windows Security, click on Virus & threat protection. Click on Manage Settings. Click the toggle button under Real-time protection to turn off Windows Defender Antivirus. Doing that, you can see that: The service is still running in the background. A reboot will automatically enable Windows. Disable Windows Defender using command Prompt: Press Windows + X and Open Command Prompt in administrator mode. Now type the following command to disable Windows Defender To turn off Windows Defender, click on the button under Real-time protection to toggle it off. The action enables you to install any software and make the needed system changes, which the anti-virus previously blocked. Of course, you can always re-enable the protection by taking the same steps. Group Policy . Ifyou're using Windows 10 Pro, Local Group Policy Editor allows you to turn.
Disable Windows Defender Start Menu Open Settings 3. Windows Settings will open up. Proceed by clicking on Update & Security Temporary solution. I finally managed to disable it, by adding a process exclusion (including regedit.exe ): Then, with Tamper Protection off, and as SYSTEM, the key HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows Defender\DisableAntiSpyware finally becomes writable. Setting its value to 1 immediately stops Windows Defender In Windows 10, go to Settings > Update & Security > Windows Defender, and turn off the Real-time protection option. In Windows 7 and 8, open Windows Defender, head to Options > Administrator, and turn off the Use this program option. Windows Defender is a reasonably solid antivirus app that comes built into Windows 7, 8, and 10
To proceed and disable Windows Defender temporarily, follow these steps: Click the Windows logo in the bottom-left corner of the screen. The Start menu will pop up. Click on the Gear icon to open your PC's Security menu. Click Update & Security. Click on Windows Defender in the upper-left side of the window. Open Windows Defender Security Center. Click on Virus & threat protection. Click. Windows 10 allows to only temporary disable Windows Defender with a special option in Windows Security. After some period of time, it will be re-enabled automatically. We'll look at various ways to disable the app, including both temporary and permanent disabling. To Disable Windows Defender in Windows 10. Disable the Tamper Protection feature. In this article, we will take a closer look at how to manage different settings and enable/disable Windows Defender using PowerShell. Managing Windows Defender Using PowerShell. The main advantage of the Defender is that it is easy to use, it's already pre-installed in Windows 10 and 8.1, enabled by default, and practically doesn't need manual configuration. Tip. At the moment, Windows. With Defender Control, you can easily and quickly completely disable Windows Defender with a click. All that's required is to run the application and access it from the system tray. Opening the program gives you a couple of options. Enable or disable Windows Defender. It also gives you quick access to a few other Windows functions like opening the security center, change defender settings and.
Disable Windows Defender From Local GroupPolicy. Well, you can only disable Windows defender from Local Group Policy if you are using Windows 10 Pro, Enterprise, or Education. So, if you are using Windows 10 Pro, Enterprise, or Education, then follow some of the simple steps given below to disable Windows Defender from Local Group Policy. Step 1. First of all, press Windows Key + R and it will. To disable Windows Defender, first, locate the search bar at the bottom of your screen, and type in Windows Security. When the screen loads, click on 'Virus and threat protection' to explore the settings related to your Windows Defender system. Scroll down, locate 'Virus & threat protection settings,' and click on 'Manage settings.' Finally, toggle off 'Real-time protection. To disable Microsoft Defender in Windows 10, first, turn off the tamper protection. 1 - Click on the shield icon in the Notification area. 2 - Click on Virus & threat protection. 3 - On the right-hand side, click on Manage Settings under Virus & threat protection settings. 4 - Scroll down on the next screen till you see Tamper Protection. It is enabled and blue by default. 5.
How to disable Windows Defender through the registry: This is a bit of lengthy process to disable Windows Defender: Follow these steps to permanently disable Windows Defender through Registry. 1. Open Start, by clicking on the Windows logo on the bottom left of your screen. 2. Type Regedit in the search bar, and proceed by clicking on the Registry Editor with the blue icon. Click on yes. There are 2 methods which you can choose to permanently disable Windows Defender in Windows 10. Method 1: Set Turn off Windows Defender settings to 'Enabled' from local group policy. 1. Launch the Local Group Policy Editor on Windows via: Windows Key + R > type gpedit.msc and press OK. or. Go to C:\Windows\System32\gpedit.msc. 2. In the left pane of the Local Group Policy Editor. Only Disable Windows Defender. If you want to stop Windows Defender from consuming your PC's resources you can try to turn off the real-time protection from Settings. Open the Settings app using Windows+I key combination, go to Update & Security. In Windows Security, click on Virus & threat protection. Click on Manage settings. Turn Off the Real-time protection to disable.
Windows Defender is the inbuilt anti-virus mechanism that Microsoft packs on all Windows PC. It is free of cost and is quite efficient as well. On Windows OS, you can only use one anti-malware at one time. So, if you are using some third-party anti-virus, then you need to disable the Windows Defender on your PC. I will explain the same in this. Sometimes you want to disable Windows Defender for testing purposes. If you have an Antivirus application running, Windows Defender will be automatically disabled. That's because your Antivirus software will take over the security from now on. This article will teach you how to turn off Windows Defender in Windows 10 temporarily and permanently Is It Safe to Disable Windows Defender? On its own, it is entirely safe to disable Windows Defender. The problem arises when you disable it without providing a replacement. Make sure you have another security suite set up—and of course the onus is still on you to practice sensible safety precautions. How To Turn Off Windows Defender
Defender Control 1.9 Deutsch: Mit dem Defender Control-Tool können Sie den Windows Defender dauerhaft deaktivieren Although it's not possible to uninstall the Windows Defender Antivirus on Windows 10, you can still permanently disable it using a few workarounds, and in this guide, we show you how to do it How To Disable Windows Defender On Windows 10 Method 1: Using Windows Security. Open Windows Security, you can search for it on Windows Search from Start Menu, once you search it will show up and then you click on it. You'll see the option Virus & threat protection, click on it. Then you click on Manage Settings under the Virus and threat protection settings. There would be. Disable Windows Defender by Installing Another Antivirus. While Microsoft Defender is the default antivirus in Windows 10, it's far from your only option. There are plenty of other antivirus tools for Windows 10 that do a similar job. If you prefer to use one of these, just install it, and Windows Defender will turn itself off once the antivirus is all set up. After you've confirmed that the. Windows Defender is the security application that Microsoft puts in every version of Windows. Sometimes, you may want to turn it off to perform certain tasks that Windows Defender may interfere with, or you plan to install other anti-virus applications. In this article, I will show you how to turn off Windows Defender in Windows 10
In Windows 10 Creators Update some users are facing issues with third party antivirus, antimalware, firewall products conflicting with Windows Defender and the new Windows Security Center. Here are steps to disable Windows Defender and the alerting within Windows Security Center. Since Micro Hello, RE: My OS is Windoes 2008 Server R2 My firewall and antiVirus software is VIPRE from Sunbelt Software. I do not need Windows Defender. How do I TURN IT OFF. I keep getting windows updates for Defender which I do not need. thanks in advance. · Hi, You can find and open Windows Defender in Control Panel. Then, use Shimon1's suggestion. Cannot Disable Windows Defender The Anti Malware Service Executable (MsMpEng.exe) is using alot of my CPU in the background slowing down my computer so i tried disabling it by the following methods- Using Policy Editor (gpedit.msc) Adding an exclusion for MsMpEng.exe in Windows Defender; I tried adding the DWORD Key DisableAntiSpyware and setting its value to 1 in the Registry Editor but. Disable Antivirus in Windows 10 [ Simple Method 2020] Perform the below steps below to disable Windows Defender antivirus on Windows 10 computer. Turn on your Windows 10 computer.Click the Windows start icon at the bottom of the desktop. Then, click the Settings option. In the Settings window, select the Update & Security option. This will open.
Disable Windows Defender temporarily. Open the Start menu and type virus and threat protection in the search bar. Click on the Virus & threat protection option with the shield logo to proceed. There is a new app called Windows Defender Security Center. It has been created to help the user control his security and privacy settings in a clear and useful way. Many users would like to disable it. Here is how. Before you proceed, here is what you need to know. Don't be confused between Windows Defender and Windows Defender Security Center. 3. Disable Windows Defender in Windows 10 with Group Policy Editor. Let's get this done if you have already made up your mind and found a suitable replacement antivirus to protect your computer Every Windows 10 user should know how to disable Windows Defender in Windows 10. Use this guide to learn how to turn off Microsoft's antivirus for good. Windows Defender is the security suite. . On Windows 10/8 you cannot turn off Windows Defender completely anymore. You might then be wondering if there's an easy way to disable Windows.
To disable Windows Defender in Windows 10, you have to, Click on the Start Menu and search for Windows Defender. (In latest update it is Windows Security) Click on the Windows Defender Desktop app, and this will take you to the fully-fledged UI of the app. Here, you can find several options, such as controlling how Windows Defender can scan your system. Go to the top-right portion and. Here's a simple way to disable Windows Defender notifications in Windows 10. Windows Defender is a pretty good default antivirus software in Windows 10. It works silently in the background and provides you the much needed real-time protection from all kinds of threats. Along as there is no other antivirus application on your system, Windows Defender constantly runs in the background. One of. There is no option to disable Windows Defender real time protection by Windows 10 standard configurations (made by users on console). It seems like there is no Windows Defender active when you look into Windows configurations. Only in the background like I could find in services and even in process on task manager. One reason is that I am using another antivirus software (Avast). So Windows 10. Two ways to turn off or disable Windows Defender in Windows 10.Windows Defender is the default security software program that comes with every Windows 10 ins.. How to Permanently Disable Windows Defender On Windows 10. Disabling the antivirus is pretty simple and Microsoft provides you the option to do so. You can permanently put the antivirus on sleep and work efficiently without any interruption. Follow the steps mentioned below to disable the Windows Defender on Windows 10: Open up windows security by searching it in the search bar. From the left.
In this post, we will show you how to disable Firewall on different versions of Windows including Windows 10/8/7, Windows Vista, and Windows XP. Windows Defender Firewall, which is previously known as Windows Firewall, is an important Windows built-in tool that can protect you from unauthorized access Windows Defender, also known as Microsoft Defender Antivirus is a built-in anti-malware solution on Windows 10. It is designed to protect your computer and connected devices from unwanted attacks.
In this advanced Windows 10 tutorial, we have walked you through different ways to enable and disable Microsoft Defender Antivirus. The first option was restricted to fewer selected versions of windows; hence we have explained the second option to do the same for the rest of the windows versions. Again, this is not recommended to disable Microsoft Defender Antivirus, but sometimes we need to. With Windows 2008 R2, Defender is installed/uninstalled as part of the Windows Optional Features. To enable/disable check: Control Panel > Software > Turn Windows Features On/Off > Desktop. If you are running a third-party anti-virus and wish to disable Windows Defender, you can do so using the Group Policy Editor in Windows following the steps below: Open a command prompt by pressing the Windows + R keys on the keyboard, type cmd in the search box, and click OK. Type gpedit.msc at the command prompt and press Enter. Confirm the UAC prompt to continue. Navigate through the.
Before start to edit Windows registry, please make a full registry backup. You can refer this page to learn How to back up full Windows registry. 1, Press Win + R 2, Type regedit, and press Enter 3, Expand and find: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Windows Defender 4, Right click on Windows Defender, select New - Key, and named. I like to disable Windows Defender Real Time Protection via GPO on Windows 10 Pro. When I configure GPO like this: Real-Time Protection is shown as off: However after a reboot the Protection is magically enabled again: GPO settings have not changed. I am trying to disable Real Time Protection to be able to analyze and reverse engineer malware. In addition even if Windows tells me Real Time. We show you how to disable SmartScreen in Windows 10, Microsofts cloud-based anti-phishing and anti-malware solution aka Windows SmartScreen, Windows Defender SmartScreen and SmartScreen Filter In this article, we explain how to disable Windows Defender Credential Guard on Windows 10. Read along to know more! In Windows 10, Credential Guard is one of the major security features available. It facilitates protection against hacking of domain credentials and thus protects hackers from assessing the enterprise networks. Primarily, Credential Guard utilizes virtualization-based security.
Windows Defender can help you to shield your PC against malware like viruses, spyware, as well as various other potentially unwanted dangers. But if you don't assume it is the most effective anti-virus program or it can not meet your need, comply with the techniques listed below to Disable Windows Defender. how to turn off windows defender, both temporarily or permanently, in Windows 10 Finally, Click on Disable Windows Defender to Stop functioning until you need it. Following the above steps, you get One-Click access to Windows Defender. 3) Local Group Policy Editor: Local Group Policy Editor will also help you deactivate Windows Defender. It has the Settings to change the Windows Defender Functioning. For Local Group Policy Editor Setup, check the Below steps: Press Ctrl+R.
How to Disable Windows Defender's Real-time Protection . Windows Defender has gone through considerable upgrades in the last few years. Not only the features but also the user interface is designed to be more user friendly. This means the option to disable Windows Defender is different on different Windows operating systems. Let's first. Since Windows Vista, users have been able to disable Microsoft Defender completely, and potentially other third-party security software, through the use of the 'Turn off Microsoft Defender. Method 4: Disable Windows Defender using Defender Control. Defender Control is a third party tool which has a good interface wherein you will get many options to get your task done. Once you launch Defender Control, you will find the option to Turn Off Windows Defender. Once you click on it, wait for a few seconds to disable Windows Defender. Hopefully, the above-mentioned methods will help. It is safe to disable Windows Defender if you have installed third-party antivirus software. Disabling Windows Defender is the right thing to do in that case, as both programs running simultaneously will eat up resources (processor and memory) and provide no purpose. Also sometimes, Windows Defender falsely identifies a file as a threat, so it is safe to temporarily disable it. If that's not.
But, if, for some reason, we do not want Windows Defender to be in charge of analyzing our email attachments, we must know that there are ways to disable it. It is possible to disable this security feature in Windows 10, and carry it out in two different ways. For this we can use both the Registry Editor and the Windows Group Policy Editor as we will see below Disable Windows Defender in Windows 8. Press the Windows key + Q to search. Type Windows Defender in the Search field and click Windows Defender. Figure 2-1 . Click the Settings tab and click Administrator. Deselect the check box next to Turn on this app and click Save changes. You will receive a notification that the app has been turned off. If so, treat every instance of Windows Firewall below as if it read Windows Defender Firewall. Select Turn Windows Firewall on or off on the left side of the screen. A really quick way to get to this screen is via the control firewall.cpl command line command, which you can execute in Command Prompt or the Run dialog box How To Disable Windows Defender In Windows 10/8.1/8/8/7 (2021) - Windows Defender is Microsoft's native antivirus, whose function is to scan and find malware in the various files and programs on the computer? Moreover, it has the ability to protect your computer instantly by detecting malicious or unwanted files in real-time, thus having control over everything that is downloaded or executed
Disable Windows Defender Permanently using Local Group Policy Editor. Before turning off Windows Defender permanently using this method first you have to disable Tamper Protection in Windows 10, otherwise Windows Defender will enable itself automatically at the next reboot of your machine. You can disable tamper protection by navigation to Windows Settings > Update & Security option > Virus. To disable Windows Defender temporarily, go to your start menu and look for Windows Security. Click on the Virus & Threat Protection. Open the manage settings under the Virus & threat protection settings. Turn the real-time protection toggle to off. This will temporarily disable Windows Defender service on your Windows 10 device. Upon a certain amount of time, the real-time protection will re.
Defender Control, disable Windows Defender with one click. This is one of the simplest programs that we can find to activate or deactivate the Windows 10 antivirus. Defender Control is totally free software basically formatted by an interface and two buttons: one of them to turn off the antivirus, and the other to activate it if you have previously deactivated it. The program will appear with. Disable Windows Defender's real-time scanning. Switch the Real-time protection option OFF. Restart Nicepage. If the issue continues please Contact Support. Windows Defender may prevent Nicepage from writing into the /Documents folder where Nicepage Desktop stores all websites. This article explains how to turn off Windows Defender, both temporarily and permanently, in Windows 10. Windows. How to permanently disable Windows Defender? In this article, we will show you how to permanently disable Windows Defender. Important Do not do this on a personal or work computer, but only on the dedicated mining rigs, which don't contain any personal data, banking data, or private keys Disable Windows Defender on Windows 10 Using Registry Editor (regedit) In this 3rd and the final method, we are going to disable Windows Defender using the registry editor. And this method is a permanent solution, same as the 2nd method. This method works exactly the same, as the Local Group Policy editor. The only difference is in the process and method. Step 1: Open 'RUN' using Win + R keys. Windows Defender is an anti-virus solution that comes integrated into Windows 10 to protect your device and data against viruses, ransomware, spyware, and other security and privacy threats. In this Optimize Windows 10 for Gaming guide, we'll walk you through the steps to temporary or permanently disable Windows Defender.. Despite the critical role played by Windows Defender to protect your.
How to disable Microsoft Security Essentials or Windows Defender in Windows 10. In the lower left corner, click Start → Settings. Select Update & security. Go to the Windows Security section and click Open Windows Security. Go to the Virus & threat protection section, expand the Windows Defender Antivirus options and disable Periodic scanning Method 2: Disable Windows Defender Using Local Group Policy Editor. In case you are using Windows 10 Pro or other versions like Windows 10 Enterprise or Windows 10 Education, then using local group policy editor would be the best tool to disable your Windows Defender anti-virus. Step 1. Turn on your Windows PC and from the home screen, press Windows key + R from the keyboard to open.
Attackers know Windows Defender can detect cyberattacks, so as part of their standard playbook they attempt to disable Defender. Sometimes they could use group policy to disable Windows Defender on multiple machines - depending on their level of access - so they can move more easily between several computers on your network If you are running Windows 10, you may notice an exe process using high CPU utilization in Windows Task Manager whenever you boot Windows.The process is called Antimalware Service Executable and this is part of the built-in real-time scanning Windows Defender uses. The process will continue to run in the background and hog CPU resources while you work in Windows In Windows 10, Windows Defender has an API that allows other antivirus programs to disable it to prevent issues. Unfortunately, Microsoft decided to remove that API option in Windows Server 2016, so even if you install another antivirus product, Windows Defender will still be enabled Edge for Windows: How to Disable Microsoft Defender SmartScreen. Posted on November 9, 2020 by Mel Hawthorne Leave a Comment. Microsoft Defender SmartScreen is a security service built into the Microsoft Edge browser. It's designed to protect you against phishing and malware websites, malicious downloads, and potentially unwanted programs. The data for Microsoft Defender SmartScreen is taken. Therefore, Windows doesn't let you uninstall Windows Defender on Windows 10, but with the above method, you can at least disable it. On the other hand, if you had a change of heart, the Windows.
I am looking for a way to disable Windows Defender on Windows 8/8.1/10 using the command line. Everything I've found so far has involved using a GUI at some point, and this isn't useful for a proce.. Creating the Disable-Windows-Firewall.ps1 Script. In the previous sections, you've learned which commands are available to disable Windows Firewall. In this example, the netsh utility will be used. Using the code or text editor of your choice, create a new file with name Disable-Windows-Firewall.ps1 C:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Defender C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\Windows Defender This will disable Windows Defender in a reversible way. This can be done with any program or app that is undesired which Windows will not let you remove. You can also use a utility call WinAeroTweaker which has a function to disable Windows Defender, but this can. Disabling Windows Defender can open your computer to threats, but if you must do so for some reason, here's how you can go about it on Windows 10, Windows 8.1, Windows 7, and Windows XP. In this.
Defender Control is a small Portable freeware which can let you utterly disable Windows Defender in Windows 10 , Windows 8.1 , Windows 8 , Windows 7 , Windows Vista (32 and 64-bit). Why do you have to use it: During copying massive information from Pc to Usb or vice versa , disabling Windows Defender can lower the full copy time; Users might experiencing conflicts between Defender and their. To disable the Windows Defender Security temporarily, use these steps: Open Start.; Search for Windows Security and click the result to open the app. Click on Virus & threat protection.; Under the Virus & threat protection settings section, click on Manage settings.; Turn off the Real-time protection toggle switch.; This method will allow you to do the specific task that you couldn't because. Microsoft's Windows 10 Defender offers real-time virus and malware protection to keep your PC safe. It is the best and most easily recommended anti-virus available — that is t say — if you don't use Windows, you don't need another. However, there are some edge cases where you may need to disable Defender to accomplish some task or the other that your PC isn't letting you do. Here. Disabling Windows Defender Real-Time Protection. Applicable to Sisense on Microsoft Windows. Windows Defender is an anti-malware engine included with Windows Server 2019 to protect your device and data against viruses, ransomware, spyware, and other security threats. However, in some scenarios, you may want to disable the real-time protection of Windows Defender. For example, when installing. To disable Windows Defender 10 temporarily is not difficult, but to deactivate it completely, that can be a little tricky in the Group Policy Editor. However, using this guide even a novice computer user can easily do it. You have two choices: to disable Windows Defender 10 permanently or temporarily. Disable Windows Defender temporarily . Click Start < Settings < Updates and.
Permanently Disable Windows Defender on Windows 10. Here you can some of the methods to permanently disable windows defender. Using Settings App. This method will won't Permanently Disable Windows Defender but temporarily. And will keep flashing a notification in time intervals to turn the defender on. It will work only in windows 8, 8.1 and 10 To disable Windows Defender via group policy, you need to disable Tamper Protection first, works only if you are a Windows 10 Pro user otherwise just follow the steps: Open Start via Windows logo. Search Virus and Threat Protection and tap on it to launch. There you see Manage settings, click on that. From here, Turn off the Tamper protection. Remember that it is not done yet. You have. Enable or Disable Scan Mapped Network Drives with Windows Defender in Windows 10. Windows Defender helps protect your PC against malware (malicious software) like viruses, spyware, and other potentially unwanted software. Malware can infect your PC without your knowledge: it might install itself from an email message, when you connect to the Internet, or when you install certain apps using a. Windows Defender is a free Spyware/Malware active scanner Microsoft shipped with their latest client Operating System, Windows Vista (you can download here for XP). Vista enables Windows Defender. Disable/Enable temporary Windows Defender in PowerShell; Install Windows Defender Graphical Interface (GUI) Uninstall Windows Defender; Windows Server 10. The new Windows Server OS Technical Preview is released and one of the surprises waiting for you is that it comes out of the box with Windows Defender installed and enabled. There are two main reasons for the surprise: The previous OS.